Bedding for Feral Cats

Becky Robinson, founder of Alley Cat Allies, explains the bedding types best for feral cat shelters.

By Becky Robinson

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Q: I’ve built a feral cat shelter and I want to provide the cats with some bedding or blankets to help keep them warm. Do you have any recommendations?

A: Kudos for building a feral cat shelter! I’m sure your feral cats appreciate having a nice, dry place to escape the wind and snow.

As for bedding, the best choice for cat shelter bedding is straw. Most straw is made from wheat. It’s cut after harvest, when the plant is dead, and cut dry so it doesn’t absorb or retain moisture. It has a hollow shaft, making it lightweight, and it’s relatively inexpensive and widely available.

When filling your shelter, pack the shelter full of straw, not just provide a soft layer to lay on. The cats will burrow into the straw and it will effectively insulate their body heat.

Do not to confuse hay with straw. Hay is a grass that is cut while it is still “green” because it’s primarily used to feed livestock. This makes it more absorbent and more likely to mold. It also costs more than straw.

Your first instinct might be to provide blankets  (when you are cold that’s what you typically reach for, after all) but blankets are absorbent and can retain moisture. Even if they aren’t exposed to the elements, if a wet cat enters the shelter the water will transfer to the blanket. Blankets can easily get moldy and even freeze when the temperature drops, both of which are dangerous for the cats.

A few other beddings to avoid include:
Wood Chips Wood shaving can contain oils that irritate animals noses and respiratory systems. They do not provide insulation (nor are they comfortable to lie on). Wood chips can cause splinters and severe damage to the digestive tract if eaten.

Pine Pellets Pine pellets are very absorbent (similar to pine fresh cat litter). This opens the bedding up to mold and freezing in low temperatures. The cats may also mistake it for cat litter.

Paper Bedding/Care Fresh Though recommended for hamsters and other small mammals, paper bedding is not appropriate for feral cat shelters. It can provide good insulation, but is absorbent and will likely get moldy and smelly very quickly. It is also very expensive.

For additional winter weather tips or information on general colony care, please visit Alley Cat Allies website.
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Reader Comments

Roberta    Lincoln, CA

11/27/2015 7:40:09 PM

On the adding diatomaceous earth to cat beds, yeah it really messes up insects! May I suggest what health reps said to me, and that is to make sure it's Food Grade diatomaceous earth. It may cost a little more but you don't need that much anyway.

jack    INDY, IN

3/24/2015 6:51:41 AM

I have 2 feral cats male & female I trapped them & had them fixed also got there shots they are 1year old I made them a shelter outside. They were very timid I couldn't get close to them for 4/5 months .now they come in my house Daly I'm very strict so they know what no ! Means I brush them & they are very calm and good while in the house. Never tried to get on furniture. I can pick the male up he's not as shy as the female. Anyway they are really good for being feral cats.

Annie    Burlington, NC

11/17/2014 12:08:36 PM

Any thoughts on Fresh dried Loblolly pine straw?
I've been using it in Feral beds

dolores    mico, TX

11/9/2014 10:32:27 PM

I had to use wheat straw, and only ONE feed store had it. very hard to find here. I also use a small amt. of Diatomaceous Earth mixed in with the straw in the hopes it will keep ants and bugs out- It won't hurt the cats. Have made 3 covered feeding stations , and a large container for a "bed"-openings on both ends, straw inside and lots of it !! Have T/N/R cats at both places, but now a "dumped "cat has 4 kittens I need to trap ! Cold spell coming, so have to wait. Need kittens first- saw one nursing, they are about 7 wks old.

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