Bringing Adult Feral Cat into Household

CatChannel cat behavior expert Marilyn Krieger offers some advice on converting a feral cat to an inside cat.

By Marilyn Krieger | Posted: March 26, 2010, 3 a.m. EST

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Q: It would be great to read an article about how to incorporate an adult feral cat into a household.  I often see articles about adopting feral kittens, but I have never seen an article about adoption of an adult feral.  Do they ever adapt to an indoor lifestyle?

A: Successfully converting a feral cat into an indoor cat is dependent on many factors. The age of the cat, previous history, his relationship with people, the household he will move in with and his temperament are some factors that influence the length of time and extent he can transition into an affectionate household member. Some wild cats have been household cats previously and are easier to convert back into the household. Others, though feral, are accepting of humans, especially their handouts. Young kittens are relatively easy to convince that domestication is preferable to the wild. After they are about 12 weeks old, the process becomes more challenging and usually takes longer. Then there are the feral cats who want nothing to do with anything human. Sometimes these cats, with patience and lots of time, can be convinced that living under the bed or in the rafters 24/7 isn't as rewarding as sitting on a sofa or perching on a cat tree.

The first step when converting a feral outsider into a friendly home dweller is to take him to your vet for a checkup and to be fixed. Make sure you tell your vet that you are bringing a feral cat in for him to examine. The vet visit will be traumatic for everyone; you, your vet and the cat. Your vet may recommend a sedative to make the experience easier for all involved. Having your cat fixed can make the transition a little easier. Additionally, cats who are fixed are generally calmer.

Prepare a room beforehand for your newcomer. It should be a quiet room where no other animals are allowed. Have both high perches for the cat as well as sheltered places that he can hide in. Safe places are easily provided by placing boxes so that they face toward the walls. Paper bags with no handles and commercially available igloos and tunnels for cats also are good examples of safe sanctuaries for the feral outsider. The room should also have at least two uncovered cat boxes, comfortable beds, plenty of fresh water, food and interactive toys.

If you find your feral cat initially doesn't understand what the litterbox is for, encourage him to use it by putting clean garden soil in the box. The boxes need to be cleaned at least on a daily basis and should be situated in a location where the cat feels he could escape and not be cornered.

The three most important tools I have found for convincing a feral cat to become an insider is food, patience and good observation skills. Since security and safety are prime directives for cats, help your feral feel safe by not cornering him or approaching him. He needs to feel secure enough to want to come to meet you. It is important that you set up the situation so that he will think it's his idea when he does finally feel safe enough to venture forth to meet you. Every time you go into the feral's room arm yourself with delicious treats and toss tiny little pieces close to him. Talk quietly to him so that he starts associating your voice with you and the delicious food. Bring a good book into room and sit on the floor or in a comfortable chair and spend time with him, occasionally tossing a treat in his direction. It's important to remember that we humans are tall, big and scary to a small feral cat. Whenever possible, either sit on the floor, or in a low chair so that you don't look quite so menacing to him.

Take your time and don't force the cat to interact with you. Success is partially dependent on you allowing the cat to choose when he feels safe enough to relate to you. The hardest part of the process will be your accepting the cat at whatever stage of socialization he is in at the moment. Your appreciation and acceptance of the cat will be manifested by your being relaxed and that will help him feel safe. 

It can be done. About 20 years ago, I trapped a 2-year-old whole feral male. He spent the first four months of the relationship hiding under the bed, venturing out only for food, water and to use the cat box. Within about one year he transitioned into an affectionate, lap-sitting cat who for the remaining 12 years of his life preferred the comforts of home to the outdoors.  


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susan    kansas city, MO

12/16/2015 7:14:33 AM

We brought in an abandoned cat who was afraid of people but gradually got to where he wanted petting and came running when I shook the food container. We brought him to the vet, then inside and he loved it. But our other two cats didn't. Our one girls especially would fight and hiss if he accidentally got out of his room and there would be tufts of fur and she would pee on the floor from fright, although he was just curious mainly.

Banksy (the cat we took in) was lonely and we found a nice woman who had just lost her black cat and she took him and they are both so happy! He gets lots of play time and sleeps with her 2 pit bulls and she loves him to death. It definitely felt like the right thing to do to get him taken care of and back to health and then to find him a loving home. We had not considered it until our petsitter told us that a client of his was looking for a black cat.

robyn    point pleasant, NJ

8/6/2015 6:32:17 AM

For Madilyn.
As my writing above spoke of I would be concerned about the ages of your cats and at the point I am at now, I wish I had done the indoor/outdoor cat plan with the newcomer! after 2 months it is no longer an option =( The feral parents will be okay in my opinion however if they are clearly taking good care of the cat maybe enjoy his antics on your terms while outside~~~!!! we have brought in 7 strays as of now (only at one point were 4 living together), so I get it. but, after this confusing experience I say, NO, heh, BUT, I'll bet he is already in your house =) robyn

robyn    point pleasant, NJ

8/6/2015 6:24:36 AM

Gosh, we need help!!! This article is helpful, but not to the extent of bringing a 1 year old feral cat into a household with 2 adult cats (ages 10 and 7). This has proved to be quite a confusing adventure and we need help. The article really did not touch on the interaction between multiple cat homes. Of course, we followed all the steps noted however the 10 year old, Amyyyy, has been in hiding for 2 months now! As you said venturing for food water and litter (we now have a litter for her to access away from the newcomer). the 7 year old is interested in the new cat HOWEVER the fighting and hissing is out of control. Jack, the new cat is very curious and appears very lonely at times- he wants to play!!! And, since the noise of the fighting is so outrageous, the 7 year old and 1 yr old end up locked in separate rooms. I feel soooooooooo bad when they have to be alone, alternating punishment does not feel right to me? I do not know what to do at this point and we would never consider having new cat re-adopted etc. We have had feral cats, 2 years old, that fit in without any issues and we are really confused at the fear the older cats are exhibiting ... can anyone help us???

Catsnip Etc    Goshen, IN

3/23/2015 11:48:22 AM

We are a group that T-N-Rs free roaming cats and have found many have adapted to living inside as pets. It depends on how feral the cat has been raised. They may become the most loving because they know you have saved them from the harshness of the struggle of survival in the outside world. I have three of my own.

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