What Do Cats' Meows Mean?

Cats meow for many reasons. Researchers say you don't know any of them.

By Laura Doering | Posted: August 6, 2013, 10 a.m. EDT

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Kittens Meowing
"Hello!" or "Goodbye!" or "Help, get me out of this thing." Researchers say cat meows might be uninterpretable. 
"Meow … Meow … meOW … MEow!”

What does "meow” mean to you? The fact that you log onto Cat Fancy is a fair indicator that you are more likely to be fluent in cat speak than say a student volunteer looking to score some beer money textbook funds by responding to his or her university’s "participants needed” listing. DiscoverMagazine.com recently cited an academic paper dedicated to finding out if people can understand what a cat’s meow might mean.

See why some cats constantly meow >>

In a nutshell, the study’s authors concluded that people generally cannot understand canned cat talk. Yep, most people could not really tell what a cat was trying to say after hearing a recording of said cat. The recordings were labeled along the lines of hungry kitty meow and scaredy-cat meow (no doubt procured after being taken to the scariest place of all — a car!).

Find out how to read cats' body language in this video >>

Participants weren’t told in what context the meows were recorded. Overall, most participants flunked Meow 101; they couldn’t tell a canned "Hello! I’m starving over here!” meow from a canned "Help me – If you get me out of this vile travel carrier, I promise not to use the planter as a litterbox” meow. Those who had cat experience fared slightly better; perhaps recognizing the slight nuances of the food-ordering meow compared to the resigned–to-its fate, undignified meow of being held against one’s will.

Hear what odd meow sounds might mean >>

According to the abstract, researchers are under the impression that cat meows are simply "nonspecific, somewhat negatively toned stimuli that attract attention from humans.” If they really wanted to find out what’s behind the meow, talking to seasoned cat people while they are listening to and interacting with their own cats might have resulted in more "Can you hear me Meow?” thumbs ups. Cats are individuals after all and, with that, one cat’s "Feed me!” might sound like another’s "Get me out of here,” and their people can tell the difference. However, I think it’s safe to say that most cats are on the same page with the "I’m bored, you have permission to pet me now” meow.
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What Do Cats' Meows Mean?

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Reader Comments

Anne    La Jolla, CA

1/25/2015 12:02:21 AM

My boy cats like to meow loudly before using the litterbox for a poop!

kristi    knoxville, TN

12/4/2014 4:04:44 AM

I love this article. my 3yr old furbaby Lucinda aka Crazzzyy cat, actually meows what sounds like human words.
When i come in the room shes at she always greets me with" momma". I can askk her certain questions and it sounds like she is saying "yes" or "no" depending on how she feels at the moment of the question i ask.
She is my lil heart n soul ,my lil fourlegged daughter.i love her so much my grown adult daughter is jealous of her.and should be coz the cat is more respectful than my adult daughter

Robert    Newark, DE

11/20/2014 6:43:06 AM

Our Siberian, Boris, is VERY vocal when it comes his feeding time. You would think he had not eaten in a month! He also lets us know when he wants to be "loved"

Denise Dippenaar    International

11/14/2014 11:25:18 PM

I have 7 adorable cats who are most vocal at dinner time. I know when they want to go out & when they need attention just by listening to their Meow's.

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