Cat, Dog Roundworm Transmission Rates to Humans Higher than Previously Thought

A CDC study reveals that infections are more common in children and young adults.

Posted: November 7 2007 2 a.m. EDT

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Kittens and cats can transmit roundworms to humans.
A new study suggests that cats and kittens transmit roundworms to humans more frequently than previously thought.
The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) reports that the frequency of worms transmitted from cats and dogs to humans is higher than previously believed, according to the results of a new study released Nov. 5.

The study revealed that the transmission of Toxocara (internal roundworms) from cats and dogs to humans is more prevalent in those ages 20 and younger. Children are more susceptible due to increased activity outdoors as well as their propensity to play in and ingest contaminated soil, according to the CDC.

The illness is passed from infected animals to humans who ingest the Toxocara eggs found in the animals’ feces. Transmission may occur in areas contaminated with dog and cat feces — including sandboxes and children’s play areas, according to the CDC.

In addition, the study showed that Toxocara is more prevalent is non-Hispanic blacks than Mexican-Americans and non-Hispanic whites across all age groups.

Approximately 14 percent of the U.S. population is infected with Toxocara, CDC officials stated.

“The results of this study demonstrate that Toxocara infection in the United States is more widespread and common that previously understood,” said Peter Schantz, an epidemiologist in the Division of Parasitic Diseases at the CDC. “Although most persons infected with Toxocara have no apparent symptoms, this infectious agent is capable of causing blindness and other serious systemic illness, which makes it a public health issue.”

Although it’s rare, blindness most often affects children, Schantz said. However, the exact number of Toxocara cases resulting in visual impairments is not known because the illness is not a reportable infection.

To decrease human infections, pet owners should treat their cats and dogs with year-round parasite prevention and control in order to reduce the number of infected pets transmitting the illness, according to Companion Animal Parasite Council, a nonprofit organization.

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Reader Comments

Patti    Wilkes-Barre, PA

7/23/2009 6:54:37 PM

Whose responsibility is it to educate the public? Veterinarians or MDs?

Cathy    Hubbard, OH

11/7/2007 6:27:24 AM

Ugh!!! Scary thought. That is why cats and dogs should have a vets visit once a year. Too bad there isn't clinics for low income people for animals. They have vets and organization that donate their time overseas, but not here. Too bad.

Donna    Limington, ME

11/7/2007 5:17:22 AM

All of my animals are treated year round, that is the only way to be sure!

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