Living With FIV

Cats with FIV, the feline equivalent of the human AIDS virus, can still live full, happy lives.

By Arnold Plotnick, DVM

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Although there is no licensed or approved treatment shown to reverse well-established FIV infections, a study described in the April 2003 issue of Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy (the official journal of the American Society of Microbiology) has generated some excitement. In that study, scientists from the Parker Hughes Cancer Center in Roseville, Minn., reported the successful treatment of cats chronically infected with FIV using a drug called stampidine. Cats in the study showed a drop in viral load, that is, less of the virus was found in the bloodstream when treated with the drug. At higher doses, stampidine eliminated FIV in cats with no side effects. No decision has yet been made as to whether this drug will be made available for cats.

All cat owners should keep their cats indoors, especially those with FIV-positive cats, to prevent the cat from spreading the disease and to prevent their immunosuppressed cat from being exposed to infectious agents carried by other animals. Healthy cats should also stay indoors to avoid encounters with FIV-infected cats. If for any reason a cat goes outdoors it should be spayed or neutered to limit the spread of FIV by decreasing fighting and roaming behavior.

In March 2003, the U.S. Department of Agriculture approved the first FIV vaccine. Available to veterinarians across the country, the vaccine is said to provide reasonable immunity against FIV infection, but its use remains controversial.

The current FIV test is designed to detect antibodies against the virus. Cats vaccinated against FIV develop antibodies against the virus. Therefore, if a cat of unknown vaccination status tests positive on an in-clinic FIV test, it is currently impossible to distinguish whether the antibodies in its bloodstream developed in response to previous vaccination, or in response to natural infection. Until a test is developed that can distinguish between vaccine-induced antibodies and antibodies that arose because of natural infection, veterinarians must evaluate the potential risks and benefits of vaccination based on each individual cats lifestyle and circumstance.

With proper care, FIV-infected cats can live many years, and in fact may die from disorders common to elderly cats, and not from illnesses related to their FIV infection. Quality of life for FIV-positive cats is generally very good. Just ask Buster.

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Reader Comments

Janet    Bethlehem, PA

8/16/2012 3:03:19 AM

good article, thank you

Marcia    Columbia, MD

5/22/2012 8:22:36 AM

Jan- I am interested in finding a holistic vet for my cat Buddy who is FIV positive, and has chronic skin issues. I am unsure whether I should take him to a dermatologist, a holistic vet, or both.

Jan    Dallas,, TX

5/3/2012 7:30:05 PM

Velcro, our 10-12 yr male cat, who found his way to our home about 8 years ago. I nursed him back from poor malnutrition and until about 4 months ago has enjoyed better health. He was also diagnosed with Feline HIV by our Vet who has cared for all our animals for the past 12 + years. After hearing the bad news of what awaited Velcro, I searched for an alternative solution. I found a holistic Vet here, Dr. Ballard who has been treating Velcro with special Chinese liquid herbs and drugs. He has shown some signes of improvement--certainly better quality of life than before...gained back some of this weight, coat is shiny and thicker and appetite has increased.
I would recommend searching for alternative Vet in your area. Their is a website for these doctors.
I wish you all the luck. Jan

Abbie    Denver, CO

4/18/2012 9:51:18 AM

My cat Jack who we adopted when he was 3 was just diagnosed positive for FIV yesterday. He is now 12. In the 6 months he has lost almost 5 pounds. A blood test came back and showed he had alarmingly low red and white blood cell count. Where as the FIV test was done and came back positive. The vet told us there was not much we could do besides antibiotics, that jack has less than a year. Other than weight loss, gingivitis, and the weird cough he seems totally normal for an old man. We are really trying to find some answers for him and for us. We love him dearly and we know he has a few great years ahead of him, we just have to get him there. I was wondering if anyone else had been in the same situation? And what they have found helpful. Glycomannan? Interferon? Is there even a possibility of Stampidine?

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