FRCP Vaccine

A vet explains the basics about the FRCP vaccine.

By Elaine Wexler-Mitchell, D.V.M.

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Q. What is the FRCP vaccine?

Elaine Wexler-Mitchell explains the FCRP vaccineElaine Wexler-Mitchell, D.V.M., says: The letters stand for feline rhinotracheitis, calici, and panleukopenia. This is the cat vaccine that all cats should receive as kittens, and then on a schedule as adults. It is also called the three-way vaccine because it protects against three diseases.

Feline panleukopenia is a virus that is usually fatal to infected cats. It is shed in feces, transmitted through fecal-oral contact, and spreads through poor hygiene. It can contaminate cages, eating bowls, and litterboxes. Most vaccines containing this virus stimulate complete protective immunity. Clinical signs associated with panleukopenia include fever, anorexia, vomiting, or diarrhea. The most characteristic laboratory finding is an extremely low white blood cell count. Death can be rapid due to severe dehydration and electrolyte imbalances.

Feline herpesvirus (feline rhinotracheitis) and feline calicivirus are estimated to cause up to 90 percent of upper respiratory disease cases in cats. These diseases are rarely fatal but are extremely prevalent. Transmission occurs through sneezing and aerosol spread of droplets, by direct contact, and by contaminated objects. Common signs of these diseases include sneezing, anorexia, and conjunctivitis (inflammation of the mucosal tissue around the eye). Cats can develop chronic herpesvirus infections that cause long-term, intermittent bouts of sneezing and conjunctivitis. Feline calicivirus infection can also cause limping or severe gum disease. Vaccination against these viruses does not prevent infection, but it does reduce the severity of the associated clinical symptoms. In addition to the traditional form of vaccination (an injection), a topical vaccination is available for these viruses. Topical vaccines may be administered in an intranasal (in the nose) or intraocular (in the eye) manner.


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Reprinted from Ask the Vet About Cats © 2003. Permission granted by BowTie Press.

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Reader Comments

Janet    Bethlehem, PA

9/25/2012 3:21:13 AM

good article, thanks

dayna    easton, PA

3/28/2012 11:29:36 PM

good article

Dr. Jordan    Swansboro, NC

10/1/2011 8:40:11 PM

The FVRCP shouldn't EVER be injected into a cat! Our leading veterinary vaccine researcher, Dr. Ron Schultz states clearly that the cats will NOT be helped by injecting calicivirus and herpes virus into them! Only the distemper is advocated and only once at 15 weeks of age and that is good for life! The injection of herpes, activates latent herpes, it is not making mucosal immunity for either calcivirus or herpesvirus and this is where on the MUCOSAL surfaces whcih is where these infections are fought. Injecting FVRCP will generate IGM and leave some fight deep int he tissues NOT WHERE THESE INFECTIONS TAKE PLACE.In any regards, these vaccines WERE NEVER EVER EVER tested necessary for annual or every three year administration this is just POLITICAL and for the safety of the practices cash registers NOT FOR THE CAT! Repeating the vaccies increases adverse events not the least of which is cancer, autoimmune disease, allergies, atopy, asthma, anaphylaxis and echema.........the doctor is supposed to be helping the client and the cat not vaccinating these animals INTO DISEASE!

Janet    Bethlehem, PA

10/17/2010 5:49:32 AM

good to know, thank you

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