Feline Leukemia and Feline Immunodeficiency Virus

Look for the warning signs of FeLV and FIV, and learn how these diseases can be passed from cat to cat.

Posted: Tue Nov 26 00:00:00 PST 2002

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Great strides have been made in the control and prevention of feline leukemia virus and feline immunodeficiency virus. FeLV can be passed from a mother cat to her kittens either through the placenta or through her milk. It is passed by cats licking, grooming and fighting with each other. FeLV can be dormant in a cat's body for weeks to years and then be activated and cause severe disease and death. Signs that may indicate FeLV include weight loss, anemia, lethargy, dehydration, jaundice, susceptibility to other infections and lymph node cancer. Reliable methods for screening and vaccination are available.

FIV is not passed from a queen to her kittens. The most common mode of transmission of FIV is through cats biting and fighting with each other. There is no vaccine to prevent against FIV. Cats with FIV can live relatively normal lives. Signs include gingivitis, slow healing wounds, bacterial infections that take longer to respond to antibiotics, weight loss, blood cell abnormalities, lymph node enlargement and various secondary infections. Reliable screening tests are available for this virus, although there is no cure.

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Reader Comments

Janet    Bethlehem, PA

9/13/2010 5:44:20 AM

great information, thank you very much

Janet    Bethlehem, PA

9/7/2009 7:52:54 AM

good article thank you

Candi    Royal Oak, MI

6/23/2009 6:26:29 AM

I just learned kitten that my friend rescued tested ositive for Felv. I am devestated, she's all of 2 months. I have fallen so in love with her in just a few days.

Sara    Clinton twp., MI

2/26/2009 5:45:20 PM

My boyfriend rescued my cat Bubba from the street a year and a half ago. He was so loving and cuddly. He was diagnosed with felv 3 months ago and he was healthy so I was in denial. He had been super sick this week, sleeping constantly, not meeting me at the door when I come home, trouble breathing, etc. I was scared to death so I got him in as fast as possible. They took an fray and he had a mass in his lungs and couldn't breathe. I had to put him down immediately. Felv is awful. I wish there was a cure. I miss him so much, he was my baby.

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